America’s surging trade deficit with China has cost more than 3.2 million U.S. jobs, 8,200 alone in Vermont, or 2.51percent of Vermont jobs. This ranks Vermont as ninth in the nation. The overwhelming majority of jobs lost are in manufacturing, according to a study released today by the Economic Policy Institute (EPI).
Every congressional district but one has lost net job opportunities since China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001, the study found.
“This report leaves no doubt, if there ever was any, that the nation’s staggering trade deficit with China continues to be the single biggest impediment to a true jobs recovery, especially in regions with heavy concentrations of high-tech manufacturing,” said Scott Paul, president of the Alliance for American Manufacturing (AAM).
The EPI study revealed that 2.4 million manufacturing jobs were lost between December 2001 and December 2013, accounting for some two thirds of all U.S. manufacturing jobs lost or displaced.
Global trade in advanced technology products—often cited as a source of comparative advantage for the United States—is now dominated by China. The trade deficit in the computer and electronic parts industry grew the most, resulting in more than 1.2 million jobs lost or displaced. In fact, $154.4 billion of the $324.2 billion U.S. trade deficit with China in 2013 was in computer and electronic parts.
As a result, the report found that many of the hardest-hit areas were in states dense with high-tech manufacturing, such as California, Texas, Oregon, Massachusetts, and Minnesota.
The states suffering the worst job losses were California (564,200 jobs), Texas (304,700), New York (179,200), Illinois (132,500), Pennsylvania (122,600), North Carolina (119,600), Florida (115,700), Ohio (106,400), Massachusetts (97,200), and Georgia (93,700).